Wednesday, 23 September 2015

Course article on the DJIA today

As promised, here is a piece I wrote today for my course about the movement of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), with some background on the index, and it's behaviour today. Some knowledge is assumed.

The Dow Jones 30-share industrial average is the most visible market in the world, quoted as THE market in layman's business news. It is also the most traded index after the DAX for European index daytraders. IG Markets, the UK's largest spreadbet firm tell me that over half their entire business is the DAX and the DJIA. You must never call it DOW, as that refers to a chemical company.
It is traded in the US via the DIA ETF, often called the 'Diamonds' like SPY is called the 'Spider', although there, it is nowhere near as popular as SPY. If we are being strict, SPY and DIA are both 'spiders', as they are both ETFs which are 'Standard & Poor Depositary Receipts', but the name is principally used for the S&P 500 ETF.
The symbol given to the cash index (as traded 0930-1600 New York time) by most retail traders is DJIA or ^DJI although older commentators use the official ticker code of INDU. The Dow futures are referred to by the code YM_F (all futures are like this, gold is GC_F, oil is CL_F, copper is HG_F, (oddly not CU_F, there is no futures market in mercury!), and so on. How many of you knew that EURUSD futures (or strictly forwards in FX) are called 6E_F.
Anyway, back to the DJIA. Because it is primarily traded by European retail traders through spreadbetting or CFDs, the price is normally given as a blend of futures and cash, allowing spreadbet brokers to quote a near 24 hour price. All this is background to a couple of charts I am posting, which I also posted today on Twitter. Here is the first one, which is self-explanatory.

I posted this at 11:05 UK time on Sep 23rd, and it shows two possible parallel channels (tramlines) which the index is following. You can see that the index was nearly touching the black channel, with a steeper downward gradient than the red channel. Both channels had multiple touches, but there are more on the red channel, which gives it higher validity. So a black channel believer would short here, whereas a trader who preferred the red channel would wait until about 16450 to short, or even go long up to there. Note the dilemma
1. Both channels are down, so shorting has a better risk/reward, ie is safer.
2. The red channel has more touches, so appears to be more valid.
The right answer of course is to wait. The three sharp hourly candles that raised the index by 175 points commonly cause short-term exhaustion. This might also be expressed as being overbought on the short-term RSI, although traders rarely use RSI for periods of less than a day. So let's see what happened. The next chart was posted after the end of the day.

At 12:00 UK time, which is 7am in New York, where the first traders get to their desks, the index briefly spiked. It was only a spike, you can see the large candle tail (called a 'shooting star') briefly break out from the black line and retreat. The rest of the day was inside the line, with, unsurprisingly another attempt at the end of the day when the volume builds up. Note also that the low of the day was much higher than the futures low from the previous night - which had been depressed by Chinese news. That low was caused by Asian traders, selling YM_F on the Globex market, in relatively small volumes. Europe was less concerned hence why it shot up in the morning (and to an extent followed European indices).
So what will happen now. It is clear that we have a pattern of Asian bearishness, European bullishness, and US bearishness. We need to look at the DAX, which will drive YM_F tomorrow morning.


The DAX is in a downtrend, although having hit channel bottom overnight, duly performed a rally. When nothing happens overnight, you can give reduced credence to breakouts, as in the false breakout of the night of 21/22 September, which was quickly corrected when the cash market opened the next day.
The DAX has now moved to being very close to the top of it's downward channel. The US session dragged it down, or was it just technicals that did that. Note the channel is very precise despite the effect of the VW, BMW and MB share crashes. Indices are like that, the money has to go somewhere else in the index (some funds can only buy the 30 DAX shares, although they have freedom to pick which ones).
The DAX downtrend gradient is quite steep, and I will be watching closely to see if there is a breakout tomorrow. If there is, then I will check if YM_F follows suit. I will then check if the YM_F breakout spikes and does not correct around 1200 UK time. All three must be true to change my bearish view.
Otherwise I will continue to short rallies. Buying dips seems so long ago in this market.


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